Cost Sheet

Construction Cost Maintenance Cost Component Lifespan
Component Range Cost Source Range Cost Source Range Life Source
Concrete Sidewalk and Driveway Low$3.400/sq ft RSMeans Building Construction Cost Data - 63rd Annual Edition (2005) Low$0.029/sq ft City of Oxnard, California, Streets and Waterways Division. "Street Maintenance & Repair Funding." Accessed July 2005 Long80.0 years City of Victoria, California, Deptt. Of Engineering Accessed March 2009
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Mid$5.190/sq ft RSMeans Site Work & Landscape Cost Data - 28th Annual Edition (2009) Mid$0.029/sq ft City of Oxnard, California, Streets and Waterways Division. "Street Maintenance & Repair Funding." Accessed July 2005 Mid40.0 years Halifax Regional Municipality, Canada; New Design for Asphalt/ Concrete Sidewalks - Information Report Accessed March 2009
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High$10.000/sq ft Residential Construction and Remodelling Estimates Accessed March 2009
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High$0.029/sq ft City of Oxnard, California, Streets and Waterways Division. "Street Maintenance & Repair Funding." Accessed July 2005 Short30.0 years PlaNYC 2030 Sustainable Stormwater Management Plan Accessed March 2009
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Curbs and Gutters Low$13.000/linear foot "Grassy Swales Fact Sheet." Accessed March 2009
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Low$0.150/linear foot City of Oxnard, California, Streets and Waterways Division. "Street Maintenance & Repair Funding." Accessed July 2005 Long80.0 years City of Victoria, California, Deptt. Of Engineering Accessed March 2009
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Mid$17.250/linear foot RSMeans. Building Construction Cost Data. 63rd Annual Edition 2005 Mid$0.150/linear foot City of Oxnard, California, Streets and Waterways Division. "Street Maintenance & Repair Funding." Accessed July 2005 Mid50.0 years Average
High$29.500/linear foot City of Oxnard, California, Streets and Waterways Division. "Street Maintenance & Repair Funding." Accessed July 2005 High$0.150/linear foot City of Oxnard, California, Streets and Waterways Division. "Street Maintenance & Repair Funding." Accessed July 2005 Short20.0 years "Grassy Swales Fact Sheet." Accessed March 2009
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Street Low$2.830/sq ft Audit of Pavement Standards in the Upper Saluda-Reedy Watershed, Saluda-Reedy Watershed Consortium, 2006
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Low$0.052/sq ft City of Oxnard, California, Streets and Waterways Division. "Street Maintenance & Repair Funding." Accessed July 2005 Long50.0 years City of Oakland, California, Oakland Redevelopment Agency. "Instruction for Project Record Request." Revised July 14, 2005.
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Mid$4.330/sq ft RSMeans. Site Work and Landscaping Cost Data. 2009 Mid$0.055/sq ft CNT Estimate Mid35.0 years Average
High$12.350/sq ft City of Oxnard, California, Streets and Waterways Division. "Street Maintenance & Repair Funding." Accessed July 2005 High$0.057/sq ft City of Ventura, California, Public Works and Utilities. "Street Maintenance." Accessed July 2005.
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Short20.0 years City of Ventura, California, Public Works and Utilities. "Street Maintenance." Accessed July 2005.
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Parking Lot Low$2.830/sq ft RSMeans. Site Work and Landscaping Cost Data. 2009. Low$0.080/sq ft Zimmer Consultants Inc, Illinois; Keeping parking lots on solid ground Retail Traffic Magazine February 1st 1998
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Long30.0 years CHEC Consultant, Civil Engg Services, California; Keeping Parking lots on Solid ground Retail Traffic Magazine February 1st 1998
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Mid$5.510/sq ft RSMeans. Site Work and Landscaping Cost Data. 2009. Mid$0.150/sq ft Pelkonen, Peg. The Morton Arboretum Permeable Parking Lot Presentation at the US Cellular Field Lot L Paver Symposium April 8th, 2008 Mid20.0 years Keeping Parking lots on Solid ground Retail Traffic Magazine February 1st 1998
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High$9.500/sq ft Rose Paving, email message to CNT, November 13th 2008 High$0.650/sq ft Zimmer Consultants Inc, Illinois; Keeping parking lots on solid ground Retail Traffic Magazine February 1st 1998
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Short15.0 years Pelkonen, Peg. The Morton Arboretum Permeable Parking Lot Presentation at the US Cellular Field Lot L Paver Symposium April 8th, 2008
Conventional Stormwater Storage Low$4.260/cf RSMeans. Site Work and Landscaping Cost Data. 2009 Low$0.015/cf U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. "Urban Stormwater Best Management Practices Study." EPA-821-R-99-012. August 1999.
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Long30.0 years CNT Estimate
Mid$11.550/cf University of New Hampshire Stormwater Center, Treatment Unit Factsheets, V2B1 Structural Stomrwater Treatment System. Accessed March 2009
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Mid$0.030/cf U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. "Urban Stormwater Best Management Practices Study." EPA-821-R-99-012. August 1999.
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Mid25.0 years USEPA Stormwater Technology Factsheet, Onsite Underground Retention/Detention. September 2001
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High$22.710/cf USEPA Stormwater Technology Factsheet, Onsite Underground Retention/Detention. September 2001
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High$0.060/cf U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. "Urban Stormwater Best Management Practices Study." EPA-821-R-99-012. August 1999.
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Short15.0 years CNT Estimate
Standard Roof Low$5.080/sq ft RSMeans. Site Work and Landscaping Cost Data. 2009. Low$0.020/sq ft CNT Estimate Long30.0 years Partnership for Advancing Technology in Housing. "Improving Durability in Housing: Background Paper." March, 1999
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Mid$7.500/sq ft PATH - A Public-Private Partnership for Advancing Housing Technology Accessed March 2009
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Mid$0.050/sq ft Crawford Roof Maintenance Services - Making a Case for roof Maintenance
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Mid23.0 years Average
High$10.000/sq ft City of Portland, Bereau of Environmental Services Cost Benefit Evaluation of Ecoroofs 2008 High$0.140/sq ft RCI, Inc, North Carolina A New Approach to Roof Life Cycle Analysis Accessed March 2009
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Short15.0 years Partnership for Advancing Technology in Housing. "Improving Durability in Housing: Background Paper." March, 1999
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Green Roof Low$8.750/sq ft Water Environment Research Federation Low Impact Development Best Management Practices Whole Life Cost Model 2007 Low$0.020/sq ft City of Portland, Bereau of Environmental Services Cost Benefit Evaluation of Ecoroofs 2008 Long50.0 years Water Environment Research Federation Low Impact Development Best Management Practices Whole Life Cost Model 2007
Mid$15.750/sq ft City of Portland, Bereau of Environmental Services Cost Benefit Evaluation of Ecoroofs 2008 Mid$0.025/sq ft Low Impact Development Center, Inc; Low Impact Development for Big Box Manufacturers November 2005
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Mid40.0 years PlaNYC 2030 Sustainable Stormwater Management Plan Accessed March 2009
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High$31.800/sq ft Wetland Studies and Solutions, Inc; Virginia LID at WSSI 2007
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High$0.412/sq ft Water Environment Research Federation Low Impact Development Best Management Practices Whole Life Cost Model 2007 Short25.0 years Low Impact Development Center, Inc; Low Impact Development for Big Box Manufacturers November 2005
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Permeable Pavement- Pavers Low$5.300/sq ft Sikich, Andrew J. and Patrick D. Kelsey. "The Morton Arboretum's "Green" Parking Lot." Accessed July 2005. Low$0.010/sq ft Pelkonen, Peg. The Morton Arboretum Permeable Parking Lot Presentation at the US Cellular Field Lot L Paver Symposium April 8th, 2008 Long50.0 years Pelkonen, Peg. The Morton Arboretum Permeable Parking Lot Presentation at the US Cellular Field Lot L Paver Symposium April 8th, 2008
Mid$7.100/sq ft Wetland Studies and Solutions, Inc; Virginia LID at WSSI 2007
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Mid$0.036/sq ft Southeast Wisconsin Regional Planning Commission. "Costs of Urban Nonpoint Source Water Pollution Control Measures." Technical Report Number 31. June 1991.
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Mid25.0 years Low Impact Development Center, Inc; Low Impact Development for Big Box Manufacturers November 2005
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High$12.000/sq ft Rose Paving, email message to CNT, November 13th 2008 High$0.230/sq ft Low Impact Development Center, Inc; Low Impact Development for Big Box Manufacturers November 2005
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Short15.0 years U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration. "Stormwater Best Management Practices in an Ultra-Urban Setting: Selection and Monitoring." Accessed July 2005.
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Permeable Pavement- Porous Asphalt Low$5.500/sq ft Low Impact Development Center, Inc; Low Impact Development for Big Box Manufacturers November 2005
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Low$0.090/sq ft California Stormwater BMP Handbook; Pervious Pavements Factsheet January 2003
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Long40.0 years Southern California Ready Mix Concrete Association & California Cement Promotion Council Concrete Pavement - Pervious Cost Implications Accessed March 2009
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Mid$6.340/sq ft City of Portland, Bereau of Environmental Services,Willamette Watershed Program - Task Memorandum 4.1 August 2005 Mid$0.190/sq ft PlaNYC 2030 Sustainable Stormwater Management Plan Accessed March 2009
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Mid25.0 years Low Impact Development Center, Inc; Low Impact Development for Big Box Manufacturers November 2005
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High$8.130/sq ft PlaNYC 2030 Sustainable Stormwater Management Plan Accessed March 2009
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High$0.230/sq ft Low Impact Development Center, Inc; Low Impact Development for Big Box Manufacturers November 2005
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Short20.0 years City of Portland, Bereau of Environmental Services,Willamette Watershed Program - Task Memorandum 4.1 August 2005
Permeable Pavement - Porous Concrete Low$5.500/sq ft Low Impact Development Center, Inc; Low Impact Development for Big Box Manufacturers November 2005
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Low$0.090/sq ft California Stormwater BMP Handbook; Pervious Pavements Factsheet January 2003
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Long40.0 years Southern California Ready Mix Concrete Association & California Cement Promotion Council Concrete Pavement - Pervious Cost Implications Accessed March 2009
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Mid$6.000/sq ft Wetland Studies and Solutions, Inc; Virginia LID at WSSI 2007
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Mid$0.160/sq ft PlaNYC 2030 Sustainable Stormwater Management Plan Accessed March 2009
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Mid25.0 years Low Impact Development Center, Inc; Low Impact Development for Big Box Manufacturers November 2005
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High$11.600/sq ft North Carolina Green Building Technology Database; Friday Center Park & Ride Lot, UNC-Chapel Hill Accessed March 2009
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High$0.230/sq ft Low Impact Development Center, Inc; Low Impact Development for Big Box Manufacturers November 2005
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Short20.0 years PlaNYC 2030 Sustainable Stormwater Management Plan Accessed March 2009
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Permeable Pavement - Gravel Low$1.720/sq ft RSMeans Site Work and Landscaping Cost Data. 2009. Low$0.015/sq ft Center for Neighborhood Technology, Cost for CNT's Gravel Parking Lot Maintenance. Long40.0 years CNT Estimate
Mid$4.320/sq ft Wetland Studies and Solutions, Inc; Virginia LID at WSSI 2007
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Mid$0.020/sq ft Minnesota Local Road Research Board To Pave or Not to Pave November 2006
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Mid25.0 years CNT Estimate
High$6.000/sq ft Wetland Studies and Solutions, Inc; Virginia LID at WSSI 2007
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High$0.050/sq ft Gravel Roads and Maintenance Design Manual, South Dakota Local Transportation Assistance Program November 2000
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Short20.0 years CNT Estimate
Turf Low$0.010/sq ft RSMeans Site Work & Landscape Cost Data - 28th Annual Edition (2009) Low$0.020/sq ft Prairie Restorations, Inc. "Cost Estimates." Accessed March 2009
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Long100.0 years CNT Estimate
Mid$0.210/sq ft Northern Illinois Planning Commission "Sourcebook on Natural Landscaping for Public Officials." Updated August 2004. Mid$0.090/sq ft CNT Estimate Mid100.0 years CNT Estimate
High$1.090/sq ft RSMeans Site Work & Landscape Cost Data - 28th Annual Edition (2009) High$0.140/sq ft Northern Illinois Planning Commission "Sourcebook on Natural Landscaping for Public Officials." Updated August 2004. Short100.0 years CNT Estimate
Native Plants Low$0.020/sq ft Prairie Restorations, Inc. "Cost Estimates." Accessed March 2009
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Low$0.030/sq ft Northern Illinois Planning Commission "Sourcebook on Natural Landscaping for Public Officials." Updated August 2004. Long100.0 years CNT Estimate
Mid$0.100/sq ft Northern Illinois Planning Commission "Sourcebook on Natural Landscaping for Public Officials." Updated August 2004. Mid$0.050/sq ft CNT Estimate Mid100.0 years CNT Estimate
High$0.130/sq ft Northern Illinois Planning Commission "Sourcebook on Natural Landscaping for Public Officials." Updated August 2004. High$0.080/sq ft Northern Illinois Planning Commission "Sourcebook on Natural Landscaping for Public Officials." Updated August 2004. Short100.0 years CNT Estimate
Rain Garden Low$5.150/sq ft Water Environment Research Federation Low Impact Development Best Management Practices Whole Life Cost Model 2007 (Self-install) Low$0.310/sq ft City of Portland, Bereau of Environmental Services,Willamette Watershed Program - Task Memorandum 4.1 August 2005 Long50.0 years Seattle Public Utilities, Decentralized Stormwater Control Unit Cost Model November 2008
Mid$7.000/sq ft Center for Neighborhood Technology, "Green Infrastructure Data Quantification and Assessment on Chicago’s Far North Side" Accessed January 2009
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Mid$0.340/sq ft U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. "Urban Stormwater Best Management Practices Study." EPA-821-R-99-012. August 1999.
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Mid30.0 years City of Portland, Bereau of Environmental Services,Willamette Watershed Program - Task Memorandum 4.1 August 2005
High$16.050/sq ft Water Environment Research Federation Low Impact Development Best Management Practices Whole Life Cost Model 2007 (Professional) High$0.610/sq ft Low Impact Development Center, Inc; Low Impact Development for Big Box Manufacturers November 2005
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Short25.0 years Low Impact Development Center, Inc; Low Impact Development for Big Box Manufacturers November 2005
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Trees Low$175.000/each University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Cooperative Extension. "Landscape Tree Appraisal." By David P. Mooter, et.al. G04-1533-A 2004.
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Low$20.000/each Scott, Jessie L. and David R. Betters. " Economic Analysis of Urban Tree Replacement Decisions." Journal of Arboriculture. Volume 26, Number 2. March 2000.
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Long37.0 years Moll, G., and Skiera, B. "Trees in the Red." Urban Forests. February/March, 1992. as cited in Natural Resources Defense Council. "Out Of The Gutter, Reducing Polluted Runoff in the District of Columbia." By James W. Woodworth, Jr. July 2002.
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Mid$275.000/each CNT Estimate Mid$20.000/each Scott, Jessie L. and David R. Betters. " Economic Analysis of Urban Tree Replacement Decisions." Journal of Arboriculture. Volume 26, Number 2. March 2000.
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Mid32.0 years Moll, G., and Skiera, B. "Trees in the Red." Urban Forests. February/March, 1992. as cited in Natural Resources Defense Council. "Out Of The Gutter, Reducing Polluted Runoff in the District of Columbia." By James W. Woodworth, Jr. July 2002.
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High$400.000/each University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Cooperative Extension. "Landscape Tree Appraisal." By David P. Mooter, et.al. G04-1533-A 2004.
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High$20.000/each Scott, Jessie L. and David R. Betters. " Economic Analysis of Urban Tree Replacement Decisions." Journal of Arboriculture. Volume 26, Number 2. March 2000.
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Short13.0 years Moll, G., and Skiera, B. "Trees in the Red." Urban Forests. February/March, 1992. as cited in Natural Resources Defense Council. "Out Of The Gutter, Reducing Polluted Runoff in the District of Columbia." By James W. Woodworth, Jr. July 2002.
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Tree Box Filters Low$69.440/sq ft University of New Hampshire Stormwater Center, Treatment Unit Factsheets Accessed March 2009 Low$2.780/sq ft Low Impact Development Center, Inc; Low Impact Development for Big Box Manufacturers November 2005
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Long50.0 years Water Environment Research Federation Low Impact Development Best Management Practices Whole Life Cost Model 2007
Mid$222.220/sq ft Water Environment Research Federation Low Impact Development Best Management Practices Whole Life Cost Model 2007 Mid$8.690/sq ft Water Environment Research Federation Low Impact Development Best Management Practices Whole Life Cost Model 2007 Mid40.0 years CNT Estimate
High$600.000/sq ft City of Reno, Nevada Virginia Street Treebox filters demonstration project November 2007
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High$13.890/sq ft Low Impact Development Center, Inc; Low Impact Development for Big Box Manufacturers November 2005
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Short25.0 years Low Impact Development Center, Inc; Low Impact Development for Big Box Manufacturers November 2005
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Bioswales (Parking Lot and Roadside) Low$5.500/sq ft City of Portland, Bereau of Environmental Services,Willamette Watershed Program - Task Memorandum 4.1 August 2005 Low$0.060/sq ft Costs of Urban Nonpoint Source Water Pollution Control Measures
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Long50.0 years Seattle Public Utilities, Decentralized Stormwater Control Unit Cost Model November 2008
Mid$15.000/sq ft Water Environment Research Federation Low Impact Development Best Management Practices Whole Life Cost Model 2007 Mid$0.120/sq ft Water Environment Research Federation Low Impact Development Best Management Practices Whole Life Cost Model 2007 Mid30.0 years City of Portland, Bereau of Environmental Services,Willamette Watershed Program - Task Memorandum 4.1 August 2005
High$24.000/sq ft Center for Neighborhood Technology, "Green Infrastructure Data Quantification and Assessment In the Calumet Region" Accessed January 2009
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High$0.210/sq ft City of Portland, Bereau of Environmental Services,Willamette Watershed Program - Task Memorandum 4.1 August 2005 Short20.0 years PlaNYC 2030 Sustainable Stormwater Management Plan Accessed March 2009
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Downspout Disconnection Low$9.000/downspout Southwest Florida Water Management District, Downspout Diconnection Report Accessed March 2009
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Low$0.000/downspout City of Portland, Bereau of Environmental Services,Willamette Watershed Program - Task Memorandum 4.1 August 2005 Long100.0 years Seattle Public Utilities, Decentralized Stormwater Control Unit Cost Model November 2008
Mid$35.000/downspout Milwaukee Metropolitan Sewerage District Stormwater Runoff Reduction Program December 2005 Mid$0.250/downspout Seattle Public Utilities, Decentralized Stormwater Control Unit Cost Model November 2008 Mid50.0 years CNT Estimate
High$156.000/downspout Milwaukee Metropolitan Sewerage District Stormwater Runoff Reduction Program December 2005 High$0.250/downspout Seattle Public Utilities, Decentralized Stormwater Control Unit Cost Model November 2008 Short30.0 years City of Portland, Bereau of Environmental Services, Downspout Disconnection Factsheet July 2006
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Planter Boxes Low$0.550/sq ft New York Stormwater Management Design Manual Accessed March 2009
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Low$0.040/sq ft New York Stormwater Management Design Manual Accessed March 2009
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Long30.0 years CNT Estimate
Mid$8.000/sq ft Low Impact Development Center, Inc; Low Impact Development for Big Box Manufacturers November 2005
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Mid$0.800/sq ft Low Impact Development Center, Inc; Low Impact Development for Big Box Manufacturers November 2005
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Mid25.0 years Low Impact Development Center, Inc; Low Impact Development for Big Box Manufacturers November 2005
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High$24.520/sq ft PlaNYC 2030 Sustainable Stormwater Management Plan Accessed March 2009
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High$1.000/sq ft Charles River Watershed Association, Low Impact Best Management Practice (BMP) Information Sheet September 2008
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Short20.0 years PlaNYC 2030 Sustainable Stormwater Management Plan Accessed March 2009
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Rain Barrels Low$0.720/gallon Metropolitan Water Reclaimation District of Greater Chicago Accessed March 2009
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Low$0.000/gallon PlaNYC 2030 Sustainable Stormwater Management Plan Accessed March 2009
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Long20.0 years PlaNYC 2030 Sustainable Stormwater Management Plan Accessed March 2009
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Mid$1.090/gallon Milwaukee Metropolitan Sewerage District Stormwater Runoff Reduction Program December 2005 Mid$0.000/gallon PlaNYC 2030 Sustainable Stormwater Management Plan Accessed March 2009
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Mid20.0 years PlaNYC 2030 Sustainable Stormwater Management Plan Accessed March 2009
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High$2.540/gallon Milwaukee Metropolitan Sewerage District Stormwater Runoff Reduction Program December 2005 High$0.000/gallon PlaNYC 2030 Sustainable Stormwater Management Plan Accessed March 2009
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Short20.0 years PlaNYC 2030 Sustainable Stormwater Management Plan Accessed March 2009
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Cisterns Low$0.610/gallon Low Impact Development Center, Inc; Low Impact Development for Big Box Manufacturers November 2005
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Low$0.000/gallon PlaNYC 2030 Sustainable Stormwater Management Plan Accessed March 2009
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Long50.0 years City of Portland, Bureau of Environmental Services, Cisterns Factsheet July 2006
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Mid$1.450/gallon Water Environment Research Federation Low Impact Development Best Management Practices Whole Life Cost Model 2007 Mid$0.070/gallon Water Environment Research Federation Low Impact Development Best Management Practices Whole Life Cost Model 2007 Mid25.0 years Seattle Public Utilities, Decentralized Stormwater Control Unit Cost Model November 2008
High$2.880/gallon Wetland Studies and Solutions, Inc; Virginia LID at WSSI 2007 High$0.070/gallon Water Environment Research Federation Low Impact Development Best Management Practices Whole Life Cost Model 2007 Short20.0 years PlaNYC 2030 Sustainable Stormwater Management Plan Accessed March 2009
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Vegetated Filter Strips Low$0.030/ sq ft USEPA, Office of Water National Management Measures to Control Non Point Source Pollution from Urban Areas November 2005
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Low$0.070/ sq ft Low Impact Development Center, Inc; Low Impact Development for Big Box Manufacturers November 2005
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Long50.0 years CNT Estimate
Mid$1.450/ sq ft USEPA, Office of Water National Management Measures to Control Non Point Source Pollution from Urban Areas November 2005
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Mid$0.070/ sq ft Low Impact Development Center, Inc; Low Impact Development for Big Box Manufacturers November 2005
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Mid25.0 years Low Impact Development Center, Inc; Low Impact Development for Big Box Manufacturers November 2005
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High$3.330/ sq ft Low Impact Development Center, Inc; Low Impact Development for Big Box Manufacturers November 2005
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High$0.070/ sq ft Low Impact Development Center, Inc; Low Impact Development for Big Box Manufacturers November 2005
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Short20.0 years CNT Estimate
Amended Soil Low$15.000/ cubic yard Low Impact Development Center, Inc; Low Impact Development for Big Box Manufacturers November 2005
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Low$0.023/ cubic yard City of Virginia, Fairfax County; LID BMP Factsheet - Soil Amendments Febraury 2005
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Long50.0 years CNT Estimate
Mid$30.000/ cubic yard Water Environment Research Federation Low Impact Development Best Management Practices Whole Life Cost Model 2007 Mid$0.023/ cubic yard City of Virginia, Fairfax County; LID BMP Factsheet - Soil Amendments Febraury 2006
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Mid30.0 years CNT Estimate
High$60.000/ cubic yard Low Impact Development Center, Inc; Low Imoact Development for Big Box Manufacturers
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High$0.023/ cubic yard City of Virginia, Fairfax County; LID BMP Factsheet - Soil Amendments Febraury 2006
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Short25.0 years City of Virginia, Fairfax County; LID BMP Factsheet - Soil Amendments Febraury 2005
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